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Litchfield Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb Barnet
   

Litchfield Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb

Litchfield Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb, October 2000. Photo: S Williams

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Hampstead Garden Suburb was conceived by Dame Henrietta Barnett in 1903 when the area, hitherto rural, became ripe for development. Her aim was to provide a garden suburb for the working classes, with some larger houses as well as amenities. The overall layout was the work of Raymond Unwin. The street pattern followed the land contours, with curving and straight roads to create interesting viewpoints, closes and squares, street trees, a pedestrian network of footpaths and a variety of green spaces. The first phase was largely built between 1907 - 1912 and included Litchfield Square. Hedge and trees separate the square from the road, the houses on three sides fronting onto a neat slightly raised lawn.
Litchfield Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb, October 2000. Photo: S Williams
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Litchfield Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb, October 2000. Photo: S Williams
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Previous / Other name:
Site location: 84-108 Hampstead Way
Postcode: NW11 > Google Map
Type of site: Housing/Estate Landscaping
Date(s): 1908
Designer(s): Parker & Unwin
Listed structures: LBII: 84-108 Hampstead Way (Litchfield Square)
Borough: Barnet
Site ownership: Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust
Site management: Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust
Open to public? Yes
Opening times: private with public access
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport: Tube: Golders Green (Northern) then bus. Bus: 102, 82, 260, H2.
Litchfield Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb, October 2000. Photo: S Williams
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Litchfield Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb, October 2000. Photo: S Williams
> Enlarge
The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/10/2000
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.hgstrust.org

Fuller information:

Hampstead Garden Suburb was conceived by Dame Henrietta Barnett in 1903 when the Underground tunnel from Hampstead to Golders Green was completed and the area, hitherto rural, became ripe for development. Her aim was to provide a garden suburb for the working classes, with some larger houses as well as amenities such as shops. Through energetic fund-raising she acquired the money to buy 243 acres of land at Hampstead from the owners, Eton College. After the initial suburb was created, further phases of development took place when additional parcels of land were purchased in 1908 and 1911 and later 300 acres were developed after 1919.

Hampstead Garden Suburb lies on the north-west side of Hampstead Heath with the Hampstead Heath Extension (q.v.) creating a Green Belt link to the heath on its southern side. The A1 bisects the Suburb along its northern edge. The overall layout was the work of Raymond Unwin, at that time in the process of completing Letchworth Garden Suburb and who had known Canon Barnett from the 1880s. In 1904 he was invited to plan the new suburb at Hampstead and his first design was dated February 22nd 1905; in the same month Henrietta Barnett published a prospectus for the suburb in 'The Contemporary Review'.

In 1906 Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust Ltd was formed which owned and administered the land although housing was erected by co-partnership companies, and a large number of different architects were involved. Unwin was associated with the Trust as consultant architect from 1906-1914. The Hampstead Garden Suburb Act of 1906 enabled him to by-pass local planning by-laws and create a street pattern that followed the contours of the land, using curving and straight roads to create interesting viewpoints, introducing closes and squares, with a pedestrian network of footpaths or 'twittens' and a variety of green spaces, public and private. Hedges rather than walls were used between front gardens and the streets, and street trees were either retained existing trees or newly-planted.

The first phase was largely built between 1907 and 1912 which included Litchfield Square, built in 1908 and designed by Parker and Unwin. Hedge and trees separate the square from the road, the houses on three sides fronting onto a neat slightly raised lawn with well-trimmed bushes and a gingko tree.

Sources consulted:

Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner,'The Buildings of England: London 4: North (1998)
Grid ref: TQ251885
Size in hectares:
   
On EH National Register : No
EH grade:
Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
Registered common or village green
on Commons Registration Act 1965:
No
Protected under London Squares
Preservation Act 1931:
No
 
The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.
On Local List:
In Conservation Area: Yes
Conservation Area name: Hampstead Garden Suburb
Tree Preservation Order: Not known
Nature Conservation Area: No
Green Belt: No
Metropolitan Open Land: No
Special Policy Area: No
Other LA designation: Article 4 Direction
   

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