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Wadham Gardens Camden

Summary

This area was part of farmland held by the Provost and College of Eton since the C15th, which was developed in three phases from the 1840s onwards. Wadham Gardens was part of the third phase, and was developed by speculative builder William Willett between 1890 and 1911, largely the work of architects Harry Measures and Amos Faulkner and inspired by Arts and Crafts principles. Wadham Gardens and the west part of Elsworthy Road were built from 1895 on the former site of the Eton and Middlesex Cricket Ground.

Basic Details

Site location:
Wadham Gardens, Primrose Hill

Postcode:
NW3 ( Google Map)

Type of site:
Private Garden

Date(s):
c1895

Designer(s):

Listed structures:
None

Borough:
Camden

Site ownership:
private (previously owned by the Provost and College of Eton, and leased to Trustees of William Will

Site management:

Open to public?
No

Opening times:
private, not visible from the street

Special conditions:

Facilities:

Events:

Public transport:
Tube: Swiss Cottage (Jubilee). London Overground: South Hampstead

The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/08/2002
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news.

Further Information

Grid ref:
TQ271840

Size in hectares:
0.4861

Green Flag:
No

On EH National Register :
No

EH grade:
None

Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
No

Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:
No

Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:
Yes

Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
No

In Conservation Area:
Yes

Conservation Area name:
Elsworthy

Tree Preservation Order:
Not known

Nature Conservation Area:
No

Green Belt:
No

Metropolitan Open Land:
No

Special Policy Area:

Other LA designation:
Private Open Space. London Squares Preservation Act 1931.

Fuller information

This area was part of farmland held by the Provost and College of Eton since the C15th, which was developed in three phases from the 1840s onwards. Wadham Gardens was part of the third phase, and was developed by speculative builder William Willett between 1890 and 1911, largely the work of architects Harry Measures and Amos Faulkner and inspired by the Arts and Crafts movement. Wadham Gardens and the west part of Elsworthy Road were built from 1895 on the former site of the Eton and Middlesex Cricket Ground, which had been created c.1858 by Samuel Cumming, a builder-developer responsible for building in the area from the 1840s, including Primrose Hill Road and King Henry's Road. The cricket ground had already been relocated here after it lost its first site when the east of Elsworthy Road and Elsworthy Terrace were built in the 1870s.

The layout of Willett's estate here comprised curving roads that originally had green verges and with numerous street trees. Wadham Gardens and Elsworthy Road formed a tear-drop shape enclosing a private communal garden, now bounded by a high hedge. The garden was that of a house called Castlewood, later known as Kentford Lodge, which by 1928 Eton College had leased to Trustees of William Willett (lease expired 1990s). Willett had made an arrangement with tenants of adjoining houses to enable them to use the garden, with a common liability towards its upkeep. In 1928 it was described as 'an irregularly shaped enclosure at the rear of dwelling-houses and abutting on one side on a public road. A well-kept and very attractive ornamental garden, adding considerably to the amenities of the houses overlooking it.' Subsequently a committee of residents of Wadham Gardens purchased shares in the site.

Sources consulted:

Andrew Saint (introduction), 'London Suburbs', Merrell Holberton Publishers 1999; Report of Royal Commission on London Squares, 1928; Elsworthy Conservation Area Character Appraisal and Management Plan (Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners, 2008; Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: London 4: North (Penguin, 1998)

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