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St James Garlickhythe Church City of London
   

St James Garlickhythe Church

St James Garlickhythe Church and Landscaped Area to West, June 2010. Photo: S Williams

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St James Garlickhythe is probably so-called due to its proximity to a hithe or wharf where garlic was landed and sold. The earliest date of a church here is 1170; it was rebuilt in 1326 probably through the will of Sheriff Richard Rothing. Among others buried here were Richard Lions, a wine merchant beheaded by Wat Tyler's rebels, and a number of Lord Mayors of London of the C14th, C15th and C16th. In 1808 the churchyard was enclosed by iron railings and in 1814/5 a small engine house for the parish fire engine was erected at the north east corner, surviving until WWII. New railings and gates ornamented with grape vines were donated by the Vintners' Company in c.1965 enclosing the small area of churchyard that remains in front of the church. A bronze statue of 'The Barge Master and Swan Marker of the Vintners Company' is installed in the landscaped area to the west of the church.
Vintners' Company Gates, St James Garlickhythe Church, November 2002. Photo: S Williams
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Engraving of St James' Garlick Hithe, c1839 reproduced from Godwin, 'The Churches of London' Vol II, 1839
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Previous / Other name:
Site location: Upper Thames Street/Skinners Lane/Garlick Hill
Postcode: EC4V 2AF > Google Map
Type of site: Churchyard
Date(s): medieval; 1676
Designer(s):
Listed structures: LBI: St James Garlickhythe
Borough: City of London
Site ownership: Diocese of London
Site management: Church (landscaping to west of church maintained by City of London Corporation Open Spaces Dept.
Open to public? Yes
Opening times: As church: Mon-Fri 10am-4pm
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport: Tube: Mansion House (District, Circle)
Vintners' Company Gates, St James Garlickhythe Church, November 2002. Photo: S Williams
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Engraving of St James' Garlick Hithe, c1839 reproduced from Godwin, 'The Churches of London' Vol II, 1839
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The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/06/2010
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/openspaces

Fuller information:

The church of St James Garlickhythe is probably so-called due to its proximity to a hithe or wharf where garlic was landed and sold. The earliest date of a church here is 1170; it was rebuilt in 1326 probably by Sheriff Richard Rothing who was buried here and left money in his will for the church. By 1481 the church had numerous chantries and a guild, and the church was granted collegiate status. This was dissolved in the 1540s, the resulting loss of income to the church made up by increasing the number of in-church burials. Among those buried here were Richard Lions, a wine merchant beheaded in Cheapside by Wat Tyler's rebels, and a number of Lord Mayors of London of the C14th, C15th and C16th. The church was repaired in the 1620s and 1630s but then destroyed in 1666 and rebuilt by Wren by 1683, the steeple probably by Hawksmoor dates from 1714-17; further restoration took place in 1838. In 1808 the churchyard in front was enclosed by iron railings; in 1814/5 a small engine house for the parish fire engine was erected at the north east corner of the churchyard, which survived until World War II. A north-east vault was built and when burial vaults were cleared a mummified body was found in the chancel. The vaults were officially closed in 1853/4. New railings and gates ornamented with grape vines were donated by the Vintners' Company in c.1965 in front of the small area of churchyard which remains in front of the church.

To the west is a paved landscaped area with planters, shrubs and some trees, screening the traffic of Upper Thames Street. A bronze statue of 'The Barge Master and Swan Marker of the Vintners Company' is installed in the landscaped area by the church.

Sources consulted:

Simon Bradley & Nikolaus Pevsner, 'The Buildings of England, London 1: The City of London', 1997 (1999 ed.); George Godwin & John Britton 'The Churches of London: A history and description of the Ecclesiastical Edifices of the Metropolis, Volume II', London, 1839; Philip Norman, 'The London City Churches, Their Use, Their Preservation and Their Extended Use', The London Society, (1920s); London Diocesan Advisory Committee for the Care of Churches data
Grid ref: TQ323808
Size in hectares: 0.0137
   
On EH National Register : No
EH grade:
Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
Registered common or village green
on Commons Registration Act 1965:
No
Protected under London Squares
Preservation Act 1931:
No
 
The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.
On Local List:
In Conservation Area: Yes
Conservation Area name: Queen Street
Tree Preservation Order: No
Nature Conservation Area: No
Green Belt: No
Metropolitan Open Land: No
Special Policy Area: Yes - St Paul's Heights Policy Area
Other LA designation: Strategic Viewing Corridor
   

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