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Hallgate Greenwich
   
Summary: Hallgate was one of a number of private housing schemes by Span Developments Ltd in Blackheath, whose ethos was to set sensitively planned and designed housing units within well-considered landscaping. Hallgate has a group of 26 flats, with a broad passageway leading to communal gardens behind. In the wall of the passage is a sculpture by Keith Godwin 'The Architect and Society' that was commissioned to celebrate one of architect Eric Lyons' planning victories. Maintenance of communal garden areas was initially undertaken by the residents' association with Span as ground landlord as nearly all Span schemes were originally leasehold properties.
Previous / Other name: Cator Estate
Site location: Foxes Dale, Blackheath Park
Postcode: SE3 > Google Map
Type of site: Housing/Estate Landscaping
Date(s): 1958
Designer(s): Eric Lyons / Ivor Cunningham (Span Developments Ltd)
Listed structures: LBII: 1-26 Hallgate
Borough: Greenwich
Site ownership: private
Site management:
Open to public? No
Opening times: private
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport: Rail: Blackheath. Bus: 202.
The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/12/2006
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news.

Fuller information:

There are 19 Span housing schemes in Blackheath, including Corner Green, The Priory, The Plantation (q.q.v.) and Hallgate, that were developed on the early C19th Cator Estate at Blackheath Park, itself formerly the estate of Wricklemarsh House. The Wricklemarsh Manor dates back to the Domesday Survey and was owned in the C17th by Sir John Morden, who founded Morden College (q.v.). It was later purchased by Gregory Page who built Wricklemarsh House in 1723, set in 80 acres of parkland, with broad avenues and ornamental water.

John Cator, a wealthy timber merchant who lived at Beckenham Place (q.v.) acquired the estate in 1783, demolished the mansion and began speculative development of the land with smart villas aimed at the wealthy and professional classes. Some of the original villas survive set in their large gardens, and the first house was built in 1787, the Presbytery in Cresswell Park. Wide tree lined avenues were characteristic of Cator's road layout of 1806, and the development of the Cator Estate continued gradually until the 1930s. House building in the area had accelerated after the opening of Blackheath station in 1849, making the area an easy commute into London. The Estate remained in the hands of the Cator family until the 1950s, when it was purchased by Blackheath Cator Estate Residents Ltd, which had grown out of the residents association formed in 1950. The entry points to the estate are marked by white wooden gates. Among the villas and the mature landscape are the private housing schemes developed by Span Developments from 1954 onwards.

The Span development consortium grew from the partnership formed in 1938 by architects Eric Lyons (1912-80) and Geoffrey Paulson Townsend who embraced Modernist ideology. In the late 1940s the partnership evolved whereby Townsend would act as developer, acquiring the site for a housing scheme that Lyons would then design. In 1957 Townsend acquired a company, which led to the establishment of Span Developments Ltd, and also included builder and developer Leslie Bilsby, who had worked with such Modernist architects as Erno Goldfinger and Denys Lasdun. The company aim was to 'span the gap between the suburban monotony of the typical 'spec building' and the architecturally designed, individually built residence'. In 1955 Eric Cunningham had joined Lyons' architectural team and became particularly responsible for the design of the landscaping for the schemes, the partnership becoming the Eric Lyons Cunningham Partnership in 1963. The Span schemes were often set within existing landscaping, retaining mature trees, and the emphasis was on pedestrian rather than vehicular access. Part of the ethos was to engender a communal spirit whereby the residents took responsibility for the overall environment and initially nearly all Span schemes were leasehold properties, Span remaining ground landlord, with tenants covenanted to keep their estate in good order. Maintenance of communal areas was undertaken through residents' management committees.

An impressive area of landscaping within Blackheath Park, Span's Hallgate has a group of 26 flats, with a broad passageway leading to communal gardens behind. In the wall of the passage is a sculpture by Keith Godwin 'The Architect and Society' that was commissioned to celebrate one of Eric Lyons' planning victories.

Sources consulted:

Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: London 2: South (Penguin) 1999 p276; Andrew Saint (introduction), 'London Suburbs', Merrell Holberton Publishers 1999; Ken Allinson, 'The Architects and Architecture of London' (Architectural Press, 2006); Urban Practitioners for LB Greenwich 'Blackheath Park Conservation Area Appraisal (Draft)', November 2009
Grid ref: TQ400757
Size in hectares:
   
On EH National Register : No
EH grade:
Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
Registered common or village green
on Commons Registration Act 1965:
No
Protected under London Squares
Preservation Act 1931:
No
 
The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.
On Local List:
In Conservation Area: Yes
Conservation Area name: Blackheath Park
Tree Preservation Order: No
Nature Conservation Area: No
Green Belt: No
Metropolitan Open Land: No
Special Policy Area:
Other LA designation:
   

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