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Rainham (Federation) Jewish Cemetery Havering
   
Summary: This area of Rainham was still largely fields in the 1930s when the Federation of Synagogues established its Jewish Cemetery here in 1938, although the routes of both Upminster Road and Launders Lane were marked on earlier maps. The Federation had been set up in 1887, largely at the instigation of Samuel Montagu, wealthy banker, Liberal MP and philanthropist. By 1939 the cemetery was laid out with colonnaded prayer building and hall, approached by a drive from the main entrance on Upminster Road with a further drive from an entrance to the west. The area to the east was the first to be used for burial, laid out in a grid pattern of paths. Even into the C21st part of the land has remained rural in aspect.
Previous / Other name: Federation Jewish Cemetery
Site location: 416 Upminster Road North, Rainham
Postcode: RM13 9SB > Google Map
Type of site: Cemetery
Date(s): 1938
Designer(s):
Listed structures:
Borough: Havering
Site ownership: Federation of Synagogues
Site management: Federation of Synagogues
Open to public? Yes
Opening times: Open Sunday - Friday. 9am - 5pm in summer or dusk (Mon-Thurs)/ - 4pm Sun)/ - 1pm (Fri). Closed Sats, Jewish holidays (please check website)
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport: Rail: Rainham then bus. London Overground/Rail/Tube (Hammersmith & City, District): Barking then bus. Bus: 287
The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.federationofsynagogues.com

Fuller information:

This area was still fields in the 1930s when the Federation of Synagogues established its Jewish Cemetery at Rainham in 1938 although the routes of both Upminster Road and Launders Lane are marked on earlier maps. The Federation had been set up in 1887, largely at the instigation of Samuel Montagu (1832-1911), a wealthy banker and philanthropist, who was raised to the peerage as Baron Swaythling in 1907, having become a Baronet in 1894. He was elected Liberal MP for Whitechapel in 1885 and identified the need to unify the numerous small and mostly ill-housed Orthodox congregations and chevras that had grown up in the East End. As a result the Federation of Synagogues was formed as an umbrella organisation for these small groups, and its first burial ground was established in Edmonton on land owned by Montagu, donated to the Federation for Edmonton Federation Cemetery (q.v.).

By 1939 the OS map shows the cemetery with its main building approached by a straight drive from a main entrance on Upminster Road with another drive from an entrance further west on Upminster Road, where two buildings. This latter is a tree-lined roadway with its original 1930s lamp standards. The central hall, a restrained one-storey, red brick building with a tiled roof and curved, white-colonnaded wings, was designed by Lewis Solomon & Son in 1937/8.

The area to the east of the hall up to the Launders Lane boundary was the first part of the cemetery to be laid out in a grid pattern of paths, an area now densely packed with predominantly white headstones. The cemetery was enclosed by high red brick walls, the main entrance a grand triumphal arch of red brick with stone dressings, and wrought iron gates. While parts of the cemetery land is as yet unused for burial, it has remained largely in agricultural use and market gardening. Visited in summer of 1999, the area to the west of the main approach drive was a cornfield, a most evocative juxtaposition with the dense graveyard to the east.

Sources consulted:

Victoria County History of Essex; History section, Federation of Synagogues website
Grid ref: TQ542826
Size in hectares: ? 19.44
   
On EH National Register : No
EH grade:
Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
Registered common or village green
on Commons Registration Act 1965:
No
Protected under London Squares
Preservation Act 1931:
No
 
The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.
On Local List: Yes
In Conservation Area: No
Conservation Area name:
Tree Preservation Order: Not known
Nature Conservation Area: No
Green Belt: Yes
Metropolitan Open Land: No
Special Policy Area: Yes - Thames Chase Community Forest
Other LA designation:
   

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