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Cadogan Gardens Kensington & Chelsea
   
Summary: Communal private gardens for the use of residents of Cadogan Gardens, part of the area redeveloped by the Cadogan and Hans Place Estate Company from 1875-90. Between the terraces are mature gardens, bounded on opposite sides by the houses whose gardens lead directly onto it, the other two sides bounded by roads. Along the east side of the gardens is an avenue of plane trees; there are laurel shrubs and paths around the perimeter.
Previous / Other name:
Site location: Cadogan Gardens
Postcode: SW3 > Google Map
Type of site: Garden Square
Date(s): [before 1806?] late 1880s
Designer(s):
Listed structures: LBII: 1 and 3 Cadogan Gardens, 2-26 (even) Cadogan Gardens
Borough: Kensington & Chelsea
Site ownership: private - Cadogan Estate?
Site management:
Open to public? By appointment only
Opening times: Otherwise private, for keyholders only
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport: Tube: Sloane Square (District, Circle),
The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/10/2007
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news.

Fuller information:

This area was once within the Manor of Chelsea, whose owners included Westminster Abbey and Henry VIII, which was purchased by Hans Sloane in 1712. When Sloane died his estate was divided between his daughters, one of whom, Elizabeth, was married to Charles Cadogan, taking the eastern part, which became the Cadogans' London estate. Part of the estate was developed on land leased from Lord Cadogan by Henry Holland for his Hans Town development from 1777 onwards. Cadogan Gardens was part of the area redeveloped by the Cadogan and Hans Place Estate Company from 1875-90. The terraces of Cadogan Gardens were built from the late 1880s, a series of individual short stretches of terrace in different styles, providing a range of examples of the Queen Anne Revival style. No. 25 Cadogan Gardens was designed by A H Mackmurdo (1893) for Australian artist Mortimer Menpes, since 1939 part of Peter Jones department store. The land was owned by Earl Cadogan and previously there were 3 areas of garden, part of 2 of which were owned by Metropolitan District Railway Company, which granted the Cadogan Estate a 999 year lease with restrictions as to height of buildings. Access to the gardens was restricted to leaseholders of houses around the square and certain adjoining streets, and it was managed by a committee of householders, with fees paid by the leaseholders.

In 1928, the enclosures were as follows: at the junction of Cadogan Gardens and Symons Street was a small triangular shrubbery, the other two enclosures laid out as ornamental gardens 'well kept and attractive'. Between the terraces are mature gardens, bounded on opposite sides by the houses whose gardens lead directly onto it, the other two sides bounded by roads. Along the east side of the gardens is an avenue of plane trees. The railings date from c.1930 and are square in section and there are laurel shrubs around the edge. The paths around the edge of the site have brick edgings and there is an C18th curved stone seat.

Sources consulted:

Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner, 'The Buildings of England London 3: North West' (Penguin, 1999 ed); Report of the Royal Commission on London Squares, 1928; RBKC Hans Town Conservation Area Proposals Statement, 2000
Grid ref: TQ278787
Size in hectares: 0.2455
   
On EH National Register : No
EH grade:
Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
Registered common or village green
on Commons Registration Act 1965:
No
Protected under London Squares
Preservation Act 1931:
Yes
 
The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.
On Local List:
In Conservation Area: Yes
Conservation Area name: Hans Town
Tree Preservation Order: No
Nature Conservation Area: No
Green Belt: No
Metropolitan Open Land: No
Special Policy Area: No
Other LA designation:
   

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