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Lansdowne Gardens Lambeth
   
Summary: Lansdowne Circus was laid out in 1843-50 as part of speculative housing development, largely undertaken by John Snell. Development in this area accelerated after Vauxhall Bridge was constructed. The layout of axial roads around the formal circus, numerous street trees, and detached, semi-detached and terraced housing has little changed since the mid C19th. The central garden enclosure was planted with grass and trees but appears not to have been accessible. Lambeth Borough Council compulsorily purchased the garden in 1951.
Previous / Other name: Lansdowne Circus; Lansdowne Green
Site location: Lansdowne Gardens
Postcode: SW8 > Google Map
Type of site: Garden Square; Public Gardens
Date(s): 1843
Designer(s):
Listed structures: LBII: 23-51 (odd) and 20-54 (even) Lansdowne Gardens
Borough: Lambeth
Site ownership: LB Lambeth
Site management: Environment Directorate, Parks and Greenspaces Unit (Team Lambeth)
Open to public? Yes
Opening times: unrestricted
Special conditions:
Facilities:
Events:
Public transport: Tube: Stockwell (Victoria). Bus: 288
The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/04/2102
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.lambeth.gov.uk

Fuller information:

Lansdowne Circus comprises uniform Neo-classical style terraces around a central circular garden. It formed part of speculative housing development, largely undertaken by John Snell on land owned by James Humphries, and was designed to cater particularly for the middle classes. The layout of axial roads around the formal circus, numerous street trees, and detached, semi-detached and terraced houses has little changed since the mid C19th. St Barnabas Church was provided for the new residential area in 1850, now converted to flats as Ekarro House. The whole area was built up by the 1870s, the later houses generally in the Italianate style that had become fashionable. The garden enclosure was planted but appears not to have been accessible to residents of surrounding houses. It was kept locked from 1927, but no occupants had keys. In 1928 it was described as a 'Circular area planted with grass, thick shrubberies and some trees'. Lambeth Borough Council compulsorily purchased the garden from an unknown owner in 1951. Surrounded by listed buildings it is 'one of Lambeth's most attractive enclosures' (Draper) and remains largely grass and trees, with no features or paths, and surrounded by low utilitarian railings.

The nearby Lansdowne Green estate is generally well landscaped with shrubs, trees, pergolas and rosebeds.

Sources consulted:

Marie Draper 'Lambeth's Open Spaces, An historical account', LB Lambeth 1979; Lansdowne Gardens Conservation Area Draft CA Statement, 2007; Report of the Royal Commission on London Squares, 1928
Grid ref: TQ302769
Size in hectares: 0.08
   
On EH National Register : No
EH grade:
Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
Registered common or village green
on Commons Registration Act 1965:
No
Protected under London Squares
Preservation Act 1931:
Yes
 
The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.
On Local List:
In Conservation Area: Yes
Conservation Area name: Lansdowne Gardens
Tree Preservation Order: Yes - in surrounding area
Nature Conservation Area: No
Green Belt: No
Metropolitan Open Land: No
Special Policy Area: No
Other LA designation: Protected London Square. Open Space. Article 4 Direction
   

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