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Barnes Common Richmond

Summary

Barnes Common was used jointly by the people of Barnes and Putney until 1589 when a dispute arose and the people of Putney denied access. Until the area was drained in c.1880 the common was mainly marshland. It was almost entirely treeless, as shown on the OS of 1870 but today is largely woodland, coppice and heathland with some open areas of grass where cricket is played. Avenues and roadside planting took place in the late C19th. In the centre of the common is Mill Hill, an island of houses at the site of a former windmill.

Basic Details

Site location:
Vine Road/Station Road/Mill Hill Road/Rocks Lane

Postcode:
SW13 0NE ( Google Map)

Type of site:
Public Open Land

Date(s):
1898

Designer(s):

Listed structures:
None

Borough:
Richmond

Site ownership:
Church Commissioners

Site management:
LB Richmond, Environment Planning & Review, Parks and Open Spaces. Friends of Barnes Common

Open to public?
Yes

Opening times:
unrestricted

Special conditions:

Facilities:
Cricket and football pitches

Events:

Public transport:
Rail: Barnes. Bus: 33, 72, 265.

The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/06/2009
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news. www.richmond.gov.uk/parks_and_open_spaces

Further Information

Grid ref:
TQ225760

Size in hectares:
49.55 (with Barnes Green)

Green Flag:
No

On EH National Register :
No

EH grade:
None

Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
No

Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:
Yes: Common (CL61 with Barnes Green)

Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:
No

Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
No

In Conservation Area:
Yes

Conservation Area name:
Barnes Common

Tree Preservation Order:
No

Nature Conservation Area:
Yes - Metropolitan Importance

Green Belt:
No

Metropolitan Open Land:
Yes

Special Policy Area:
No

Other LA designation:
Nature Conservation area includes Old Barnes Cemetery

Barnes Common

Barnes Common, June 2009. Photo S Williams

Click photo to enlarge.

Fuller information

Barnes Common was used jointly by the people of Barnes and Putney until 1589 when a dispute arose and the people of Barnes refused to allow those of Putney to have access. Until the area was drained in c.1880 the common was mainly marshland and it provided an interesting area of research for natural history societies. The common remains in the ownership of the Church Commissioners, the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's being Lord of the Manor. In the centre of the common is an island of houses at Mill Hill, the site of a former windmill; the original miller's house still exists, now part of Mill Hill Lodge. The common was almost entirely treeless, as shown on the OS of 1870 but today it is mainly woodland, coppice and heathland with some open areas of grass where cricket is played. Avenues and roadside tree planting took place in the late C19th, including London plane, lime and horse chestnut. The Old Barnes Cemetery (q.v.) is situated within the area of Barnes Common, adjacent to the boundary with Rocks Lane Recreation Ground. This was enclosed in 1854 as additional burial ground for Barnes parish churchyard.

Sources consulted:

Ben Weinreb & Christopher Hibbert, 'The London Encyclopaedia' (Macmillan, revised ed. 1993); John Archer, David Curson, 'Nature Conservation in Richmond upon Thames, Ecology Handbook 21', (London Ecology Unit) 1993 p57/58; The Parks Agency, 'Commons, Heaths and Greens in Greater London, A short report for English Heritage' (2005)

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