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Spencer Park Wandsworth

Summary

Spencer Park was built on land that was formerly part of Wandsworth Common and the remains of more extensive commonland, part of the wastes of the Manor of Battersea and Wandsworth. After vigorous protests by local people to preserve the common from further encroachment, Earl Spencer, Lord of the Manor, agreed to transfer most of the common to the Common Defence Committee that had been established, excluding the area that became Spencer Park, named after him. By the late 1870s the development of Spencer Park was underway with houses overlooking the common and an enclosed private park formally laid out with grass, paths and trees.

Basic Details

Site location:
Spencer Park

Postcode:
SW18 ( Google Map)

Type of site:
Housing/Estate Landscaping

Date(s):
c.1880

Designer(s):

Listed structures:
None

Borough:
Wandsworth

Site ownership:
private

Site management:

Open to public?
No

Opening times:
private

Special conditions:

Facilities:

Events:

Public transport:
Rail: Wandsworth Town. Rail/London Overground: Clapham Junction.

The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/05/2005
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news.

Further Information

Grid ref:
TQ267747

Size in hectares:
1.6

Green Flag:
No

On EH National Register :
No

EH grade:
None

Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
No

Registered common or village green on Commons Registration Act 1965:
No

Protected under London Squares Preservation Act 1931:
No

Local Authority Data

The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.

On Local List:
No

In Conservation Area:
Yes

Conservation Area name:
Wandsworth Common

Tree Preservation Order:
Yes (various)

Nature Conservation Area:

Green Belt:
No

Metropolitan Open Land:
No

Special Policy Area:
No

Other LA designation:
None

Fuller information

By the C19th Wandsworth Common had been sub-divided by the railway and encroached upon by building as London was developed, with some 53 enclosures between 1794 and 1866. Attempts by local people to preserve Wandsworth Common against further encroachment began in earnest in 1868 when appeals were made to the Metropolitan Board of Works to take over responsibility for the land, following the Metropolitan Commons Act of 1866, but this was initially unsuccessful. In 1870 a Common Defence Committee was set up, later to become the Wandsworth Common Preservation Society. Action was taken in April to try and keep Plough Green open and in the months that followed, fund-raising efforts and lobbying of support accelerated. Eventually Earl Spencer, Lord of the Manor, agreed to transfer most of the common to the Defence Committee excluding the area that later became Spencer Park.

Sources consulted:

Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England: London 2: South (Penguin) 1999

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