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Oxford Square Westminster
Summary: Oxford and Cambridge Squares and Norfolk Crescent were created on the site of the earlier, much larger Stanhope Square, which was laid out pre-1834. The area was within the Bishop of London's extensive Paddington Estate and was developed from 1838 as part of estate surveyor George Gutch's 'Final Plan for Tybernia'. The form of the garden is intact although surrounding buildings date from the 1960s. The garden contains notable mature London plane trees, and now has modern bedding, substantial shrubbery, privet topiary and modern railings.
Previous / Other name:
Site location: Oxford Square, Marylebone
Postcode: W2 > Google Map
Type of site: Garden Square
Date(s): 1840s
Designer(s): George Gutch
Listed structures:
Borough: Westminster
Site ownership: Hyde Park Estate
Site management:
Open to public? No
Opening times: private
Special conditions:
Public transport: Tube: Marble Arch, Lancaster Gate (Central)
The information shown above was correct at the time of the last update 01/11/2007
Please check with the site owner or manager for latest news.

Fuller information:

Land to the north of Hyde Park was for centuries farmland owned by the Church of England, the area known as Tyburnia after the river Tyburn that flows underground. It was at Tyburn Gallows at Marble Arch that public executions were held until 1783. The development of the Bishop of London's large Paddington Estate began after that, with an early masterplan drawn up by Samuel Pepys Cockerell (1754-1827), the estate surveyor, possibly begun in 1805 although little was built until the 1820s. Cockerell was succeeded as estate surveyor by George Gutch (c.1790-1874), who modified and intensified the layout, and drew up his 'Final Plan of Tyburnia' in 1838. Oxford Square, Cambridge Square and Norfolk Crescent (q.q.v.) were created on the site of the much larger Stanhope Square, which was laid out pre-1834. In 1928 the garden of Oxford Square, still owned by the Paddington Estate Trustees, was provided for the use of residents of adjoining houses and was managed by a Committee of occupants. The expenses of maintenance were assessed proportionately on each house, although the Trustees had the power to undertake maintenance in cases of neglect. It was described in 1928 as 'a rectangular area surrounded by a privet hedge. Laid out as a lawn, with some fine trees. Overlooked by dwelling-houses'. Nowadays the form of the gardens are intact but the surrounding buildings were rebuilt from 1963 as part of a plan drawn up in 1957 by Anthony Minoprio of Minoprio & Spenceley with P W Macfarlane, with more detailed design by C H Elsom in 1965.

Sources consulted:

Bridget Cherry and Nikolaus Pevsner, 'The Buildings of England London 3: North West, (Penguin, 1999 ed); Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840, (London, 1978); Gordon Toplis, The History of Tyburnia, Country Life 15, 22 November 1973; Report of the Royal Commission on London Squares, 1928
Grid ref: TQ272811
Size in hectares:
On EH National Register : No
EH grade:
Site on EH Heritage at Risk list:
Registered common or village green
on Commons Registration Act 1965:
Protected under London Squares
Preservation Act 1931:
The information below is taken from the relevant Local Authority's planning legislation, which was correct at the time of research but may have been amended in the interim. Please check with the Local Authority for latest planning information.
On Local List:
In Conservation Area: No
Conservation Area name:
Tree Preservation Order: Yes
Nature Conservation Area: No
Green Belt: No
Metropolitan Open Land: No
Special Policy Area: No
Other LA designation:

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